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Saturday, May 29, 2010
The somewhat libertarian - and likely 2012 Republican presidential contender - Congressman Ron Paul (R-Texas) proposed today that children of illegal immigrants, even if born within our borders, would be denied automatic citizenship. This position would eviscerate the current Fourteenth Amendment providing that all who are born here are citizens. In addition, this stance is fundamentally un-American and inherently unequal. In fact, it is incredibly elitist.
Paul's stance, if implemented, would institutionalize a basic distinction, based on nothing more than the immutable characteristic of our parentage. Who becomes a citizen becomes a function of who our parents were. If our government treats us differently, based not on who we are and what we do, but on who our parents are -- a factor which we are totally powerless to control or atone for -- then our government will stand for a system where we can make some people suffer for the actions of others -- a fundamental injustice if there ever is one. It would make a class distinction and codify a caste system, just like the kingdoms of Western Europe had in the Middle Ages and colonial era, the countries where society and law recognized concepts of sharp inequality expressed in terms like "one's betters."
The American colonists, those who fled political and religious persecution and tyranny, consciously rejected such arbitrary and unequal distinctions. Ron Paul would return us to the rigid English class consciousness of the 18th Century, where your destiny was shaped by the holder of the uterus from which you emerged.
American society -- at least since the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 -- has never been one to subjugate, segregate or discriminate against anyone on the sole basis of who their parents were or what their parents did. Such an attitude was characteristic of less progressive, or totalitarian, societies. This attitude is more characteristic of the feudal societies of the Middle Ages with their rigid class structures...the same societies that gave rise to snooty Victorian England and the decadent French of King Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette (whose uterus apparently passed muster to produce "real Frenchmen" until she met the cutting edge)...the same societies the early Americans (and the revolutionary French) rebelled against.
Once we disconnect one's actions from one's destiny, and make another's actions responsible for your destiny, we tell people that their fates are preordained. This means that people will lose hope, but will also lose the sense of responsibility for their actions or the consequences therefrom.
Another troubling aspect: Ron Paul's proposal would shift the burden of proof from the state to the person. As a hypothetical situation, let's say someone -- born to a citizen mother -- is abandoned at a hospital or fire station (as we now encourage mothers to do so newborns don't end up in trash bins). The critical question for the abandoned child is: How would we know if the child came out of a citizen uterus? Do we presume that he had alien parentage? And who will be qualified -- or appointed by law -- to make such determinations? What regulatory scheme will arise to make such decisions?
At least, under our legal tradition that, for the moment, gives considerable respect to the concept of due process, such a proposal would be likely to also spawn administrative procedures and substantial litigation. (More lawyers will be employed, to be sure, to protect the rights of these babies.)
Paul's proposal is also ironic. Classic libertarians want to reduce the degree of government control over the private affairs of people. However, once citizenship is not automatic by birth, it becomes a decision of "citizenship panels," and will engender processes sure to be rife with corruption and exploitation. It would make our federal government extremely involved in our lives by giving it the power to determine, in its discretion surely to be abused, who is an American.
In short, I cannot fathom a position that is less "conservative," or "libertarian."
Ron Paul would increase government power and control over our lives. Aside from the powers to compel your enlisting in the military, prosecute you or seize your assets, perhaps there would be no greater government power than that of being able to determine whether you would ever be able to be an American citizen.
Ron Paul's proposal, if enacted, would have the government have the power to say: You can be born here, and do great things...but an American you shall never be.
Finally, Paul's position is a reaction (knee-jerk, reactionary and very ill-considered) to the federal government's abject and depravedly indifferent failure to secure our borders. However, his proposal would deny the most basic citizenship right to people born here, who have done nothing wrong (except be conceived inside the wrong mother) for nothing more than the failure of our government.
What we need is a federal government which does its most basic job of securing the border. Alas, our leaders often feel that it is easier to infringe on rights -- here, to deny citizenship to people born here -- in order to ... well, to do what exactly? To secure the border -- after the aliens are already here? (Talk about shutting the barn door after the horse is well down the road.)
Ron Paul has, in this opinion, committed the greatest policy -- and political -- mistake of his career with this highly misguided proposal.
Eric Dixon is a New York lawyer and strategic analyst. He handles legislative and policy analysis in addition to advocating on civil rights and election law matters. He is available for comment at 917-696-2442 and through this site.
Friday, May 28, 2010
Apparently, it is also a crime in the State of New Jersey.
Some New Jersey lawyers (including friend of a friend DH Barr whose office is in Clark, NJ) are challenging the constitutionality of a state money-laundering statute which allows for a fairly automatic inference that possessing a large amount of money -- in and of itself -- may be a predicate to a criminal money laundering charge. See this report from the New Jersey Law Journal.
Eric Dixon is a New York election lawyer. He can be reached at 917-696-2442.
Failing to get 75 percent against a Conservative Party member also running for governor means that Lazio would qualify for the primary ballot (because he'd have more than the 50 percent needed for the "Wilson-Pakula" authorization, which he needs as a non-Conservative Party member) but not have the nomination. In essence it would be a loss: he would face a Conservative primary and the risk of losing it to a virtual nobody.
My take: Lazio punts the nomination if he doesn't get 75 percent, in wich case the next domino is that the party hierarchy will try to pressure the "nobody" to decline the nomination. That would allow the party leaders to vote in mid-summer on a replacement, who would likely be the person then thought to be the frontrunner to win the Republican Party primary. The current Republican gubernatorial candidates: Steve Levy, Carl Paladino, possibly Myles Mermel, and the aforementioned Lazio.
All for the right to become a speed bump on Andrew Cuomo's victory lap.
Now you can understand the machinations...
Eric Dixon is a New York election lawyer. He can be reached at 917-696-2442 and through this website.
Without a petition, it's GAME OVER.
Once you read about a convention's outcome, you should also know that the planning for "Plan B" should already be underway.
Even during a holiday weekend.
Eric Dixon is a New York lawyer who specializes in election law and works independently of any political organization. He can be reached at 917-696-2442 and through this website.
The Conservative Party rank and file is afraid the party's very survival is at stake. Without a gubernatorial ticket that gets at least 50,000 votes in the general election, the party would cease to be a political party (as defined under the state election law) and lose its automatic ballot line...and, reportedly, also lose considerable patronage at all levels. So the stakes are high (even though the bar may be low).
(Remember, the Liberal Party nominated someone in 2002 whom they thought would surely get 50,000 votes...their nominee dropped out of the Democratic Party primary days before the vote...then didn't campaign at all despite still being on the Liberal Party line...the candidate didn't get 50,000 votes and the Liberal Party ceased to be a recognized party under New York's election law...that candidate's name was Andrew Cuomo.)
Consider the following dire distress call:
"I ask you to vote for the survival of the Conservative Party," intoned one speaker as he nominated a candidate for lieutenant governor.
Can't grab either Michael Long (de facto state chair but with different title) or brother-consigliere Tom Long for comments.
More to come from Crime, Politics and Policy.
Eric Dixon is an election lawyer in New York. He does not work for any recognized political party and is an independent lawyer who can give candid advice without conflicts of interest or appearances of impropriety. He may be reached at 917-696-2442.
Thursday, May 27, 2010
Former perennial candidate (and loser) Andrew Stein is reported to have previously been talking with IRS investigators. Perhaps he thought he could say something, anything to convince the investigators that they were wrong. That talking is reportedly the basis for his criminal charge.
Point: Don't try to "talk your way" out of trouble. Some people are so used to smooth-talking their way through life, or getting away with serial lies, that they have little clue and less regard for the consequences of getting exposed (caught) in their web of lies. There is a Fifth Amendment right to remain silent. Some suspects, if they only used that right, may be better off risking reputational damage rather than risking -- or inviting -- Title 18, Section 1001 false statements criminal liability.
Crazy as this may seem, but a foolish person, who decides to talk and who may be entirely innocent, risks criminal liability -- and may have a greater chance of being prosecuted and convicted -- than a cagey, malevolent criminal who knows darn well he is stone-cold guilty but who also knows that there are some situations where talking can do no good, no matter what is said or to whom it is said. Some people have gotten so used to lying that they think there's something they can say, someone they can fool -- and they risk one day being proven wrong.
Eric Dixon is a lawyer in New York who consults on certain business defense cases, investigates cases involving potential civil, regulatory or criminal liability, and knowledgeable about corporate governance and the federal securities laws.
UPDATE: IRS agents are in the building.
Wednesday, May 26, 2010
BP has proposed numerous solutions, all of which have failed miserably thus far. Hence, this spoof.
Coming in 2012: Plan ZZZ...
After two years of nonstop leakage, during which time the formerly fertile Gulf of Mexico has taken on the consistency of the La Brea tar pits and Florida has been overrun with hurricanes feasting on western Caribbean waters, intrepid oil company BP comes up with their most daring solution to date. Calling it Plan ZZZ, they promise this will be the ironclad solution to the disaster.
Plan ZZZ involves constructing a huge tractor beam to pull several asteroids from the Kuiper Belt and send them crashing into the Gulf and onto the leak, thus plugging it. Scientists warn, however, that the plan has severe collateral consequences including the dispersion of so much airborne debris as to threaten to plunge the Earth into years of darkness. BP admits that there's a risk that an asteroid could collide with the Earth, but maintains that collateral damage is part of environmental remediation...
Tuesday, May 25, 2010
Notice the Florida representative who calls the John Adams Project a "treacherous enterprise." There are some legislators, in Washington and in many state capitols, who view lawyers as some sort of seditious "fifth column" in wingtips. Should these legislators gain influence, their ignorance of and disdain for constitutional rights and civil liberties will threaten us all.
Apparently the word "Greece" is becoming a one-word synonym for fiscal disaster.
Anecdotal reports suggest that in state residents who work out of state (and hence pay their taxes out of state) are being audited or told to re-send long-ago-filed tax returns on the theory that there is "no record" of the filing or of certain documentation. This report - if correct - indicates that state government is passing along the cost of its disorganization or incompetence to its residents. This cost-shifting will encourage state residents already on the fence and thinking about relocating to take more steps in that direction.
Friday, May 21, 2010
The expression of this concern implicitly admits that the judges may allow their purely personal concerns -- their career prospects -- to influence their decisions.
A judge who allows extraneous considerations, like financial considerations, would violate all sorts of judicial canons of ethics, if not various federal statutes such as the "honest services" statute which remains on the books. Isn't it remarkable that the New Jersey Bar Association is complaining about the loss of judicial independence while implicitly arguing that the state judiciary can be easily intimidated and pressured?
Whether one agrees or disagrees with Christie's decision not to reappoint Supreme Court Justice John Wallace (and we at Crime, Politics and Policy express no opinion), this much is certain: This is the time for judges to distinguish themselves with their intellectual bravery and boldness.
The independence of the judiciary can be reaffirmed right now, by the judiciary itself. The judges have a brilliant opportunity to assert their independence, their intellect and their integrity, by making accurate, lawful and bold rulings adhering to our laws and the state and federal constitutions. While doing this, the judges can also send a strong message -- that they will not allow political or personal considerations, pressures or enticements to ever interfere with or compromise their integrity.
Eric Dixon is an attorney admitted to practice in both New York and New Jersey.
Wednesday, May 19, 2010
Voters should be advised that they can sign a petition for only one candidate for each office, and only for candidates in the political party in which you are enrolled. (You may not be "enrolled," so check with your local board of elections.) If you sign for more than one, only the earlier signature counts.
Candidates need to get their operation together real soon. In my experience as an election lawyer for campaigns since the early 1990s, organized campaigns with volunteer support have a solid chance of getting on the ballot. Crucial to the effort is having lawyers, advisers and managers who understand legal compliance and the discipline to follow the laws and rules.
After the Democratic and Republican state party conventions in the next two weeks, we should see a parade of candidates who, having been denied an automatic spot on the primary ballot by the convention delegates, will need to collect petition signatures. Stay tuned.
(Eric Dixon has been an election lawyer, petition drive coordinator and campaign manager for over two dozen candidates since the 1990s. He is available for consultation and may be reached at 917-696-2442.)
Tuesday, May 18, 2010
The basis behind the effort is simple: the belief that reading a suspect his rights is an impediment to effective interrogation in crises where an attack is considered imminent.
The reason why Crime, Politics and Policy finds this concept worrisome: This translates to allowing the government to suspend your rights, when the government decides that the government needs -- for its convenience -- to do so.
For those who think this means being less than sufficiently tough on crime, ponder the possibility of tomorrow's public servant who, for ease of convenience or to boost his productivity statistics, decides to classify an "ordinary" situation as "terror-related." In a world with Miranda Lite, the suspect becomes a terrorist. (You only need one person with a badge and an ax to grind.) This will give us a country where people WILL lose their rights, and enjoy them only at the discretion of the state, so someone in authority can have an easier time of it.
People cut corners all the time. Cutting corners on Miranda will cut corners on our rights, no doubt about it.
Friday, May 14, 2010
Regarding Governor Chris Christie and his refusal to tackle the inequity of teachers being fired and libraries cutting back services while Rutgers University football coach Greg Schiano has a multimillion dollar contract to get into a bowl game, Doblin writes:
"New Jersey doesn't need Schiano to get into a bowl. New Jersey is already in a bowl. It's called a toilet bowl."
Amen, Brother Alfred.
Sunday, May 9, 2010
To argue that some have the right to enjoy the fruits of the labor of others who are obliged to provide such labor, is to argue for feudalism. Carla Katz is arguing that the public employees are the lords of the manor, and that everyone else is a serf.
In this attorney's humble opinion, such ridiculousness serves the rank-and-file public employee very badly. There are many public employees who are hardworking, conscientious and, to a degree, underpaid. The teachers who are making $50,000 with a master's degree are an example. These workers are being very, very badly represented by certain union leaders and their representatives.
Again we are hearing of concerns that Miranda rights compromise the ability of law enforcement to interrogate and debrief suspected terrorists. But the concern here is not about the terrorists. It is about the danger that losing these rights will present to everyone else.
Weakening these rights puts at risk anyone who is deemed a suspect. Quite frankly, anyone with a "weapon" or showing a "nefarious" intent -- as judged by the government -- could be deemed an enemy combatant/terrorist. It is a slippery and steep slope we are approaching. And if someone on your local police force just doesn't like you and decides to make trouble for you by calling you a "terrorist," you could be in for a long, nasty journey.
Why do we care? It is simple. This proposed approach would make "terrorism" a magic word. The danger to average citizens is evident once you stop assuming the benevolence of the government and start fearing what will happen once some bad people start calling all sorts of benign activities "terrorism" (things like disagreeing with politicians) and their political enemies "terrorists." Americans, who have been taught that their government and police are the good guys, have trouble accepting this concept. Foreigners, especially those raised under repressive regimes, need no introduction to the concept and recognize these dangers immediately.
George Washington University Law School professor Jonathan Turley is now saying that the Obama administration is taking positions as hostile to constitutional rights and civil liberties as the Bush Administration -- that is, under former Attorneys General John Ashcroft, Alberto Gonzales and Michael Mukasey.
The risk of such a move, of course, is that future malevolent leaders would be positioned to use these new procedures as precedent to engage in acts which infringe upon the rights of the innocent. Any law, rule or regulation which depends on the benevolence of its enforcers should be viewed as presumptively flawed and potentially dangerous. In fact, there can be few more pernicious forms of control that to be dependent upon the benevolence of another.
Saturday, May 8, 2010
There's a second problem (which also applies to the argument that health care is a right): If Carla is correct in asserting a constitutional right to have a public payroll job, then others (i.e., that's you and me, we the taxpayer-suckers) have an offsetting constitutional obligation to pick up the tab.
That is utter nonsense. To argue that some have the right to enjoy the fruits of the labor of others who are obliged to provide such labor, is to argue for feudalism.
Connecticut's "independent" Senator Joseph Lieberman has proposed (and Massachusetts' new Senator Scott Brown has co-sponsored) a new Senate bill (S.3327 link here) providing that suspected enemy combatants be subject to losing their citizenship and be tried before a military commission instead of a civilian jury in a regular criminal case. Put aside the desire to combat terrorism; this bill has dangerous implications while likely to have absolutely no value in actually protecting anyone or deterring either regular homicide or terrorism-related homicide attempts.
This bill is undoubtedly a byproduct of the Times Square car bomb attempt, which while it may be terrorist-related, should be viewed in its essence as an attempt to kill people. The fact that it is terrorism-related should not make the harm any greater, just as a non-terrorism-related attempted murder should never be viewed as somewhat benign. The difference is merely one of scope; terrorism threatens multiple people and generally is thought of as less avoidable, whereas many people think they can avoid the hard-core criminal or the high-crime areas or the isolated nut-job who threatens mayhem. This is a fundamental flaw in the criminal code when legislators focus on some particular 'intent' as enhancing the crime, when the harm actually threatened or suffered is really no different to the victim. But this issue is more about grandstanding -- or finding a crisis convenient to justify another expansion of government power and infringement on your civil libertiesI It certainly does not seem to be about actually protecting people.
The nature of our legal system is based on precedent and thus allows and encourages lawyers and judges to base future arguments and decisions on prior precedent, I.e. What was done earlier. This precedential system explains why some legal commentators -- like us -- are troubled by the risks this proposed bill presents to the constitutional rights and protections of citizens.
The spectre of removing citizenship should be used sparingly and only in the most extreme cases where removal has a practical, as opposed to symbolic, meaning. Revoking citizenship from a naturalized person suggests that anyone's citizenship is discretionary and could -- however theoretically -- be pulled for good, bad or no reason. Of course the decision (and the law) would be reviewable in court, but the risk of losing citizenship remains. For a people taught that we have citizenship by birthright, the idea of the government having any ability to revoke citizenship must be scary.
At the very least, when citizenship can be revoked, how comfortable can you be about your other rights? Property rights? Contract rights? The rule of law? Without the foregoing, you don't have trust, and without trust, you cannot have a market-based economy.
Senator Lieberman is a former Connecticut Attorney General. He is the latest to join the parade of prosecutors-turned-politicians who think an expansion of the criminal code (as opposed to more cops on the beat or, heavens forbid, more border patrolmen) is the answer to what ails our nation. Crime, Politics and Policy strongly disapproves of this Senate bill and urges all readers to contact their representatives in Congress to voice their opposition.
Eric Dixon is an attorney in New York who handles legislative, strategic and legal analysis as well as regular legal matters. He can be reached at 917-696-2442 and through this blog at email@example.com.
Friday, May 7, 2010
The apparent contradiction is explained by workers either joining the labor force (recent graduates from years past who never had a job!), or those coming back from long term unemployment (meaning they didn't count in the earlier U-3 figure which is the rate everyone uses, once out of work for six months) or others deemed to not be looking for work). Nevertheless, a 0.2 percent jump in unemployment should not rationally be viewed as a sign of improving economic times.
Eric Dixon: an attorney based in New York who handles economic, strategic and legal analysis. For questions, call 917-696-2442.
Sent from my Verizon Wireless BlackBerry
What New Jersey needs is a judiciary whose judges are willing to take principled stands and defend the system of separation of powers and the rule of law. Resisting political pressure is a necessary part of the task. A judge who is worried about being reappointed is simply not putting the law first.
Two wrongs don't make a right. Governor Christie may be entitled to choose his judges (as are our Presidents) but any choice of a judge based on the outcomes of cases yet to be decided, and not on principles and a respect for procedure and the law, is sure to be flawed. Whether one agrees or disagrees with Christie's choice or rationale, the sitting members of the New Jersey judiciary should not be protesting if they are not reappointed. The very concept of "appointment" means that judges should not be expecting to remain, as if if were some sort of entitlement or de facto lifetime-tenured position.
Wednesday, May 5, 2010
The proposal raises the risk of pre-death organ harvesting by overzealous doctors or others. As Allan from Manhattan wrote, the issue is the definition of death. Bodily death (cessation of respiration) follows cessation of circulation, but brain death can occur well after respiration and circulation stop. Imagine your last sensations being that of being cut up -- literally. We execute prisoners with painkillers to abide by the Eighth Amendment. But potentially viable babies (20-24 weeks) never see the inside of a neonatal unit. And imagine what your chances of survival could be if you possess several organs on the doctor's shopping list!
(Perversely, the better health you're in, the more in demand your organs might be, so your chances of survival in the hospital might be less! Drink up fellas!)
Another flaw: Your decision to opt out must be recorded by people working in the Department of Motor Vehicles. When was the last time they were known for caring, or even being efficient? Finally, your decision must be respected by other bureaucrats and authorities.
Next flaw: There is a difference between doing good, and doing something to LOOK good. This "do gooder" bill taps into the desperation of the ill, but endangers others by putting them at the mercy of the unscrupulous. A civilized, advanced society which prides itself on being progressive does not sacrifice its weak, ill or injured.
Warning to New York Voters -- Vote of No Confidence. The bill's sponsor, Assemblyman Richard Brodsky, is a candidate for New York Attorney General. If this bill is indicative of Brodsky's intellect and analytical abilities, I would warn New York voters to choose among the several other fine candidates who have already declared for the office, and certainly should withhold their vote -- and their monetary contributions -- from Brodsky.
Eric Dixon is a New York lawyer and strategic consultant.
Tuesday, May 4, 2010
Jurisdiction should be Southern District of New York. Waiting to see who will be the suspect's assigned counsel (assuming he does not have the funds for his own counsel).
The criminal charges against the suspect (who was caught only steps from the airport gate for a flight to Dubai) will be interesting to see. First, we should see a criminal complaint sworn to by a government agent (likely FBI). Any criminal information or indictment (both formal pleadings setting out the case in more legal and factual detail) should follow but only after convening of a grand jury - in other words, weeks if not months.
Let's see how much intelligence this man can/is willing to provide. Of course, expect him to quickly assert his Fifth Amendment rights, if he has not done so already. But there is always the issue of whether he has knowingly and voluntarily waived those rights if he has already begun to talk. The race (or the chess match) may already have begun.
UPDATE: Within two days of the suspect's capture, we heard multiple reports about the content of the suspect's disclosures. We are now starting to hear that the authorities are beginning to doubt at least some of what they have reportedly been told. (Why some of this is getting out to the news media is also a serious concern, as raised by Congressman Peter King, and should warrant its own investigation.)